Low-Charge Ammonia Plants: Why Bother?
Low-Charge Ammonia Plants: Why Bother? (2003)-Technical, commercial, and legal developments have motivated a re-examination of ammonia refrigeration system design in some European countries and the United States. This fresh start has produced new concepts, such as the use of plate heat exchangers, spray chillers, and low-pressure receiver systems, and more recently, the development of ammonia/carbon dioxide cascade systems. This paper reviews the various ways in which reduced-charge systems can be engineered for different applications, and suggests some further ways in which the ammonia market may develop over the next few years.
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